SEO, Search Engine Optimisation

What is SEO: A Complete Guide to Search Engine Optimisation 2022

Definition of SEO

SEO or Search Engine Optimization is the practice of boosting the organic traffic to the site and its position on search engines like Google, Internet Explorer, Bing and others.

This entails producing high-quality content, as well as, acquiring links from other websites, checking up on site’s technical condition and managing the local search visibility of the site and more.

What are Search Engines?

To arrange and evaluate content, search engines like Google use very critical procedures or algorithms. Algorithms consider a variety of ranking parameters when determining how well a site performs.

In a nutshell, search engines collect online content and filter it into pages of results. The ultimate goal is for searchers to be pleased with the outcomes they see in search engine results pages (SERPs).

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Specific terms or keywords should be included into your content as it is a huge component of Search Engine. Words or phrases are the keywords users type into the search engines when they seek to search for something.

Hence, the keywords of your page should be relevant to your business and, preferably, have a high search traffic.

To discover keywords that create meaning for your plan, try tools like the Keyword Overview Tool or the Keyword Magic Tool.

Remember that repeating a keyword in a piece is an obsolete approach that will not help you rank in Google. Rather, employ keywords to help you decide what to write about.

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What Is Google’s Process?

The central aim of most SEO techniques is to achieve high Google rankings.

To identify and rank content, Google goes through the following steps:

  1. Crawl: Utilizes “bots” to crawl the internet in search of new or updated pages. Every page must include links for Google to find it. Hence, when a page has more links, the quicker it is for Google to find that page.
  2. Index: After that, Google scans the URLs that the bots find and figures out the page. Content, pictures, and other medias will be evaluated by Google. The information is then saved in the Google Index (or its database).
  3. Serve: Upon evaluating URLs, Google decides which pages are most related to users’ web searches and arranges them in the SERPs appropriately.

Algorithm of Google

Google’s internal mechanism for ranking content is known as the Google search algorithm. When it comes to ranking decisions, it considers a wide range of elements.

Google’s algorithm has undergone numerous changes throughout the years, but its current focus has been on using language models to comprehend search intent.

Even though “change” is used in distinct contexts, Google can still produce effective findings.

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Regrettably, none outside of Google’s inner circle has access to all ranking factors. It’s logical that Google would keep their secret recipe so closely guarded.

Fortunately, Google offers quality practices for consumers to adopt. Professionals such as John Mueller, a Google search advocate, also offer tips and solutions on the algorithm on a regular basis.

With that, there are a few points to bear in mind while maximizing your site based on Google’s recommendations:

  1. Intent: Is your content resolving your visitors’ questions or displaying what they wish to see? Language, novelty, and equivalents make a difference in this case.
  2. Relevance: After Google’s algorithm has determined that your content satisfies the search intent of the query, it will examine its Google Index to see where your content fits in regards to relevancy. On-page SEO is critical in this case. If you provide the simplest and most relevant content to searchers, you will most certainly rank better in the SERPs.
  3. Value: It may appear that content with a high level of search intent and relevance is already of high quality. However, the truth is that the Google Algorithm considers merely quality. E-A-T — expertise, authoritativeness, and trustworthiness — is how many people refer to this evaluation.
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Penalties from Google

Penalties from Google are unfavourable repercussions or impacts that have an effect on a website’s ranking. These are deliberate actions made by Google in response to unethical SEO techniques.

Understanding the ins and outs of the SERPs can be difficult; explore the thread below on SEO myths to educate yourself on how to recognize false SEO advice from a mile away.

What Is the Significance of SEO?

SEO is vital since it improves your company’s online presence.

Social media and paid ads can also aid with visibility, but the brilliance of SEO is that if done effectively, it can continue to generate traffic over time.

Thus, SEO provides “free” visitors to your website. High-quality sites that match a user’s query can put it at the top of the SERPs. This is a great spot for searchers to learn more about your website and company.

There are, however, other reasons to prioritize SEO. It may be because of:

  • Conversions happen
  • Obtain more leads
  • Push purchases

What is SEO and How Does It Work? + Instances

SEO is the art and science of persuading search engines to promote your content as the finest, most trustworthy, and most thorough response to the problem of the users.

As previously stated, Google bots gather data on pages and add it to the Google Index. The index is then evaluated by search engine algorithms, which take hundreds of ranking factors into account to decide where pages should appear in search engine results pages (SERPs) depending on user searches.

A standard SERP displays paid results first, followed by organic traffic (traffic that is based on the quality of pages).

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Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page

On-page SEO is the process of enhancing the content of a web page. Unlike off-page methods (which we’ll discuss next), you have authority over these variables.

You have the authority to edit title tags and meta descriptions on your own website and even write your own content.

On-page SEO also involve the elements below:

  1. Keyword: Begin your content design process by using a tool like the Keyword Magic Tool to conduct keyword research. You may get statistics on how many people search for a specific term, and also a prediction of how challenging it will be to rank for it. This will assist you in deciding whichever keywords to pursue in your content.
  2. Creation of Content: After you’ve decided on primary and secondary keywords for a topic, start writing the content by prioritizing user in mind. This entails figuring out specific phrase that users look for. If they put “Honda Pilot colours” on the search engine, make sure to emphasize on the colours and any accompanying photos that the consumer would wish to see.
  3. Speed of a Page: Users will frequently leave a page if they do not understand the data they seek immediately. Employing Google’s PageSpeed Insight tool, make sure your page is quick enough. If there are any problems, the tool will give you suggestions on how to fix them.
  4. Linking internally: Because Google scans the internet via links, internal linking is a critical component of SEO. Links are considered as a vote of conviction; take advantage of this by linking from high-authority pages to new or under-performing pages.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) off the Page

Off-page SEO refers to all of the optimization techniques used outside of your own web pages. Some off strategies aid search engines and users in deciding whether or not your website is credible, engaging, and reliable.

While social media and content marketing are significant aspects of off-page SEO, link development is likely the most crucial.

The activity of obtaining other websites to link to your website is known as link developing. Because links act as votes of conviction, obtaining a backlink from a high-authority site can boost both traffic and authority.

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Remember that having excessive links aren’t always desirable; unethical backlinks will have a negative influence on your site and may even result in penalties. To avoid this, stop purchasing links or shortcutting.

Link developing is challenging, but the payoff in terms of traffic, brand awareness, and authority can be substantial.


“Content is king,” as Bill Gates once mentioned. And guess what, that is still the case.

In terms of SEO, what do you think they are trying to convey? The greater the content, the higher you’ll rank in the SERPs.

But how can you tell the difference between good and exceptional content? We’ll get into that in this part, but first, let’s go over some main content focus areas.

Meta Titles and Descriptions

In several cases, what Google displays to its visitors in the search results is determined by these portions of a page.

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It’s crucial to have an exact meta title (a.k.a title tag) that aptly explains what the page’s content offers to the user – it’s the rationale they click on your result or not.

Meta titles and meta descriptions are basically sales text that entices users to visit a page while also assisting Google in better understanding the content and intent of that page. Incorporate your major keyword in your meta description because it is beneficial to both users and search engines.

Headings of a Page

The headline that users view when they first arrive at your page is an important indication to Google. Like the meta title, it must be clear and incorporate the terms that the user looked for. This is yet another essential indication to Google, as well as an assurance to the user.

Style of Writing

Maintain a basic, plain, and concentrated tone in your writing. Maintain brevity in your words, divide your content into reasonable sections, and stay on subject. This allows users that are looking for solution will get to settle their problems in a more straightforward manner. Remember arranging your content so that the worth it offers is obvious, comprehensible, and engaging.

The Richness of the Content

If applicable, incorporate rich media like music, video, and graphic photos. However, bear in mind that Google is unable to comprehend the content of photographs or videos.

Therefore, when you do involve these richer formats, make sure they’re followed by the right meta tags to assist Google and others with visual impairments to comprehend what they’re looking at. You might also include a written version for users that appreciate that type of content.

Links to Other Websites

Outbound links, a.k.a external links, connect to sources that verify the validity of your content and establish you and the author’s trustworthiness.


Where possible, include the author’s name in the text. If they are competent, the content will gain credibility.

Please remember, though, that your content does not exist in a vacuum. Any bit of information must be viewed as part of a larger, more cohesive content strategy. You’re thinking in terms of content marketing as soon as you begin do that.

Different Kinds of Content

Different sorts of content are suited for multiple users and phases in the funnel. A strong content strategy will include a variety of formats, such as:

  1. Tutorial guides: How-to guides are ideal for delivering a step-by-step solution to a search engine. Long-tail keywords are those that the user uses to ask a precise question.
  2. Lists: Lists are popular among both humans and Google. They’re simple to scan and interact with.
  3. Tables: Google can easily read tables of data or information on your pages. They’re also useful for your audience when they need to process information on a particular issue.
  4. Lengthy guides: These might be time-consuming to create, but they can aid your audience grasp a single or broad topic in greater depth.
  5. Infographics: Infographics are visuals that reveal details (typically in the form of images and text), allowing them to function as stand-alone content. They’re excellent content to share with your audience on social media in order to increase interaction. They’re also a fantastic way to create links.
  6. Graphics: Pictures, images, and illustrations are examples. Google is increasingly adding these in the SERPs, particularly on mobile. Furthermore, when used correctly and labelled, photographs can generate traffic from Google’s image search, that is very effective with certain industries and sorts of inquiries (i.e., fashion or travel).
  7. Videos: Google is increasingly adding videos in its search results. This is especially true for instructional Videos.
  8. Podcasts: Podcasts have been increasingly popular in recent years, particularly in specialised markets. Google displays them in the usual search results, much like videos and photos.

SEO in the technical sense

The reliability of your site’s structure and accessibility are at the heart of technical SEO. Strong technical SEO ensures that Google sees your content (where you want it to) and accurately analyses and indexes the data it discovers.

What Are the Most Important Technical SEO Aims?

Mobile-friendliness: Users must be able to conveniently access your content on their mobile gadgets. Because Google rates your content based on how well it works on mobile devices, it’s critical that you get this right.

Page Speed: Each page must load quickly. Google intends to offer quicker pages a higher priority to its visitors since they provide a richer experience.

User Interface: Google wants to promote sites that are engaging to consumers in terms of design and usability. Your layout design must guarantee that when a visitor arrives at your page, users find it appealing, comprehend what it delivers, and are aware of the browsing options available.

Schema Markup: Schema markup is a markup language that is similar to Google’s native language. Schema markup describes your content to Google in a way that it can comprehend, allowing it simple to consume.

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Structure of a Website

The way web pages are collected and structured is known to as website architecture. The user’s experience is prioritised in quality web architecture. Users are more likely to stay longer on and interact with a website that is easy to browse and has robust architecture.

But when it comes to a website’s user experience, it’s critical to make it as easy as possible for visitors to reach where they want to go with as few clicks as feasible. They should also be able to get from point A to point B and back to point A with ease. Sites with good structure are also easier for Google to scan and index.

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Trust and Authority

Google considers authority and trust in a variety of ways. E-A-T. and YMYL. are two frequent abbreviations for these metrics (Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness) and (Your Money or Your Life). Now let us look at each of them.

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The abbreviation E-A-T — Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness — is being used by Google to allude to overall dependability. They evaluate E-A-T (dependability) on 3 tiers: the website, the page, and the author. They’re also checking to see if the content is legitimate in terms of the answer it claims to offer.

The words “expert,” “authority,” and “trust” (or variations) appear more than 200 times in Google’s recommendations.

Let’s take a quick look at each element of E-A-T.

Expertise: Is the data precise? Is it appropriate for this author or brand to write about this subject?

Authoritativeness: Is the author regarded as competent in their ground? Is the company’s name well-known in the sector? Is the information linked to other authoritative websites, brands, and individuals?

Trustworthiness: Is the content trustworthy, and does the brand and the author have a solid reputation?

Your Money or Your Life (YMYL) Pages

For excellent raters, YMYL, or your money or your life, is a basic notion. This word refers to pages or themes that “may possibly affect a person’s personal success, wellness, economic security, or safety,” according to Google’s standards.

As a result, the pages that display YMYL themes must be authoritative and reliable. Here’s a list of some of them:

  • Economics
  • Safety and health
  • Current affairs and news
  • Groups of people with similar characteristics
  • Health and Fitness
  • Housing and job opportunities
  • Education

Because limited YMYL content might directly impair users’ well-being, Google says to have “extremely high Page Quality requirements” for such pages.

While creating online content, using either E-A-T and YMYL can assist you in getting higher rankings. Finally, you’ll like to offer users the best content options possible so that they come to your site with other similar questions and concerns.

Creating Connections

The activity of obtaining other websites to link to your website via hyperlinks is known as link building. Backlinks are effectively votes of confidence or credibility from other sites, and they are one of the most crucial parts of SEO.

The more high-quality referring URLs your website has, the more trustworthy it seems to Google.

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The Significance of Link Building

Acquiring backlinks is another excellent technique to improve your page’s ranking in the SERPs (backlinks are from reputable websites).

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Internal inbound links — that is, links from your website directing to other pages on your website — are also recommended. These aids Google’s navigation of your site and indicates the significance of the pages you’re referring to.

Penguin was a basic algorithm upgrade introduced by Google in 2012 to assist reduce “link cheating” (this is to reduce spammy link profiles from ranking high).

They officially revealed in 2017 that the procedure of recognising and rejecting spammy links is now done in real – time basis. This suggests that small backlinks will be disregarded and won’t help you rank.

When it comes to link building, look for quality rather than number.

Steps to Create Links

Content creation which will gradually gain links is a fantastic strategy to start creating a backlink profile. Here are a few ideas:

  • Developing niche-specific content that is both valuable and authoritative
  • Choosing the proper keywords to target, i.e. sending your content to the targeted people
  • Incorporating assets that can be linked to, such as infographics

Nevertheless, link building is often not easy, but possessing a link building programme in place can benefit.

Link building entails finding people who can link to your content (journalists, site owners, bloggers, and so on), alerting them to it, and persuading them to link to it from a relevant page on their site. Isn’t it straightforward?

It’s not only simple, but it’s also time-consuming. There are a few link-building tactics to consider:

  • Participate in social media.
  • Identify brand mentions that aren’t connected.
  • Create shareable materials that users may link to.
  • Take part in (strategic) guest blogging.
  • Use broken link building to your advantage.
  • Backlinks that have been lost can be reclaimed.
  • Backlinks from rivals should be replicated.
  • Outreach in the old-fashioned sense

With our link building guide, we go over each of the aforementioned tactics in further depth. Do check it out!

Local Search Engine Optimization

Local SEO is a combination of plans for enhancing a company’s online presence for local search inquiries. For example, if you searched on Google for “auto dealers near me,” you were using a location-specific search query.

The “map pack,” or “local pack,” is made up of three elements that are returned in response to location-specific queries:

  • Results from Google Maps
  • Results from an organic search
  • Results from local business

The following is an example of how the data will show up:

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Google Personal Business Page

The above data is influenced by Google Business Profiles, or GBPs.

Google Business Profile is a tool that gives companies in the SERPs high-visibility branding.

Potential buyers can reach you via your GBP in an increasing variety of ways. Employing your GBP page to boost your local SEO efforts is a smart idea.

GBP evaluates content based on three basic criteria:

  • Relation: Is your company relevant to a searcher’s location-specific query?
  • Distance: Using the search criteria, Google estimates the distance between every relevant result. If a searcher chooses not to provide much information about their specific location, Google will use whatever data they have to provide the best result.
  • Importance: The prominence of a company alludes to how well it is recognized. It’s also dependent on how much information about the company is accessible online.
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The Internet and Social Media

It may sound surprising, but leveraging social media is an important aspect of optimal SEO techniques. Although social media has no direct impact on results, it is an important off-page SEO strategy for gaining exposure, boosting content for potential backlinks, and developing brand awareness in your industry.

Some organisations, for instance, leverage social media platforms like Instagram to display their working environment and directly respond to client enquiries about items (or handle concerns).

If used effectively, such platforms can help manage brand reputation and organic shares. Likewise, it won’t have a direct impact on your website’s position, but the visibility may contribute to backlink chances, that can help your site rank higher in the SERPs.


Don’t be intimidated by the vast amount of SEO content available. Experts with varying levels of SEO experience can find a way forward with us. SEO is a skill and a technique that requires time to master, and the universe of search engines is always changing.

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